Pedestrian-oriented zoning is associated with reduced income and poverty disparities in adult active travel to work, United States

Prev Med. 2016 Oct 3. pii: S0091-7435(16)30305-X.
Authors: Chriqui JF, Leider J, Thrun E, Nicholson LM, Slater SJ.

Can zoning regulations moderate inequities by income in active travel and taking public transit to work?


Dr. Jamie Chriqui led a research team in examining this question using data they collected of municipal and county zoning regulations that cover about 72% of the U.S. population. They found:

"Certain pedestrian-oriented zoning provisions (e.g., crosswalks, bike-pedestrian connectivity, street connectivity, bike lanes, bike parking, and more zoning provisions) were associated with reduced income and/or poverty disparities in rates of public transit use and active travel to work."


Public health, urban planning, and transportation professionals should consider this study's findings when considering zoning reform for pedestrian-orientation and active travel.

Learn more about this research, funded by the National Cancer Institute (grant No. CA158035). Access the full-text article via the National Library of Medicine's PubMed.