"Alcohol-related problems are a consistent risk factor for nicotine dependence over and above measures of drinking and smoking."
Background: Despite the highly replicated relationship between symptoms associated with both alcohol and nicotine, little is known about this association across time and exposure to both drinking and smoking. In the present study, we evaluate if... more
Does smoking cessation lower adults' sense of overall well-being?
No, report Diana Weinhold of the London School of Economics and Frank Chaloupka of the University of Illinois in the journal Tobacco Control. In fact, the authors report "an increase in subjective well-being from quitting smoking is statistically significant and also of a meaningful magnitude."
Drawing their data from a longitudinal Dutch online survey, the authors analyzed the relationship between subjective well-being and smoking status reported by more than 5,000 adults across five years. The... more
Increasing attention has been given to the role of retail food environments in shaping dietary behavior and obesity risk. Studies have generally shown an association between living in a neighborhood with or in close proximity to certain types of food outlets and/or the availability of healthy food options and better dietary quality, higher fruit/vegetable intakes, and a lower risk of overweight, even after controlling for... more
Nicotine Tob Res. 2016 Oct;18(10):1973-80.
Authors: Stoklosa M, Drope J, Chaloupka FJ.
INTRODUCTION: Many European Union (EU) Member States have expressed the need for EU legislation to clarify the issue of e-cigarette taxation, but the economic evidence to inform creation of such policies has been lacking. To date, only one study -- on the United States only -- has examined responsiveness of e-cigarette demand to price changes.
METHODS: We used 2011-2014 pooled time-series data on e-cigarette sales, as well as e-cigarette and cigarette prices for six EU markets... more
Community health workers (CHWs) are expected to improve patient care and population health while reducing health care costs. Law is a tool states are using to build a supportive infrastructure for the CHW workforce. This study assessed the extent existing state law pertaining to the CHW workforce aligned with best available evidence. We used the previously developed Quality and... more
BACKGROUND: Communities across the United States have been reforming their zoning codes to create pedestrian-friendly neighborhoods with increased street connectivity, mixed use and higher density, open space, transportation infrastructure, and a traditional neighborhood structure. Zoning code reforms include new urbanist zoning such as the... more
BACKGROUND: The video-sharing website, YouTube, has become an important avenue for product marketing, including tobacco products. It may also serve as an important medium for promoting electronic cigarettes, which have rapidly increased in popularity and are heavily marketed online. While a few studies have examined a limited subset of tobacco-related videos on YouTube, none has... more
INTRODUCTION: Children consume much of their daily energy intake at school. School district policies, state laws, and national policies, such as revisions to the US Department of Agriculture's school meals standards, may affect the types of foods and beverages offered in school lunches over time. METHODS: This study evaluated changes and... more
Point-of-sale (POS) tobacco advertising has been linked to youth smoking susceptibility and experimental smoking. However, there is limited evidence of the association between POS advertising bans and youth smoking participation. This study aims to examine how such bans are associated with current smoking, daily smoking, and regular smoking (=1 cigarettes per... more
This paper examines the association between the prevalence of various types of outdoor food and beverage advertising found on the building exteriors and properties of retail food outlets and community racial/ethnic and socioeconomic composition in a nationwide sample of food outlets in the U.S. Our major finding from... more